Sports Medicine
A Crucial Period
Good Pain, Bad Pain
On Your Knees
Secondary Injuries
Imaging Technology
What's Sciatica?
The Female Athlete
Putting Your Feet First
Itis Schmitis
Too Much, Too Soon
Under the Influence
What's Goin' On?
Think Inches, Not Pounds
Preventing Vaginitis
That Painful Pull
Athlete's Heart
Exercise & Arthritis
Chilled to the Bone
Measuring Body Fat
Exercise and Your Breasts
Choosing a Sports Doctor
Lean on Me (Shoulder)
Exercise & Anemia
Exercise Abuse
Pelvis Sighting
Hand Aid
It's All in the Wrist
Back in Action
Altitude Adjustment
Tennis Elbow, Anyone?
Exercising in the Heat
Agony of the Feet
Restless Legs
Night Time Cramps
Birth Control Concerns
No Periods, No Babies?
Post Partum Prescription
Weight Loss Mystery
Undesirable Cooldown
To Brew Or Not To Brew
Fitness After Baby
Biking and Back Pain
Swimmer's Shoulder
A Hidden Athlete
Avoiding Osteoporosis
Drug Testing
Maximum Heart Rate
Headway Against Headaches
Torn Rotator Cuff
Fat Figures
Bloody Urine
Sag Story
Lackluster Leg
Bothersome Bulge
Gaining in Years
Taking It On the Shin
Aching Ankles
Hoop Help
Tender Toes
Meals For Muscle
Growing Pains
Hot Tips
High Altitude PMS
Personal Bests
Air Pollution
Ankle Blues
Heartbreak Heel
Yeast Relief

Imaging Technology


As a result, most MRI machines are located at a separate center and are used as a resource by many different specialists. Overall, MRI is an effective diagnostic tool to facilitate efficient treatment, but the caveat is to demonstrate cost-effectiveness.

Most physicians will order MRI only if they are uncertain of the diagnosis after doing a complete history and physical examination coupled with ordinary X-ray or other diagnostic techniques. Other physicians will order an MRI as part of a presurgical workup to better define the extent of injury and guide their surgical approach.

MRI will indeed give your surgeon more information about your injury; but, like all diagnostic tests, there are false positives and false negatives. Some MRI machines are more accurate than others. A radiologist's skill at reading the MRI image is also important.

Some joints, such as the knee, are better imaged by MRI than others. MRI of the brain and spine, which have been performed for years, tend to be more accurate than MRIs of joints such as the shoulder, wrist and ankle, in which technology and reading expertise are just developing.

Insurance companies are still evaluating the advantages of MRI. Despite the cost, some are requiring MRI to justify the need for advanced treatments such as surgery. Other insurance companies, alarmed by increasing costs, are asking for justification before an MRI is done. As the costs of MRI are reduced and more research is performed, its use and applications are likely to continue to grow.

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About the authors: Carol L. Otis, M.D., is Chief Medical Advisor to the Sanex WTA and UCLA student health physician. Roger Goldingay is a former professional soccer player. They are married and the co-authors of The Athletic Woman's Survival Guide.

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Table of Contents

Foreword: Billie Jean King

Comments by Barb Harris
Editor in Chief,
Shape Magazine

General Health
Common Medical Problems
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Eating Disorders
Alcohol & Other Drugs
Environmental Health

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